About Datong

Datong Mass Grave Memorial

By Sylvia Fang ( chinadaily.com.cn )

update: 2014-07-03

Datong Mass Grave Memorial
Datong Mass Graves Memorial Hall

The coal pit of the Mass Graves Memorial Hall in Datong, Shanxi province, is a key cultural relic and a space for patriotism.

The memorial hall has a rich historical background. During the Second World War, Japanese invaders occupied coalmines in Datong, both plundering their resources and torturing the miners, whose bodies were then thrown into the wild or down wells, resulting in more than 20 mass graves. One of these horrible sites is located in the South Pit of Meiyukou, a large-scale mass grave, and the memorial hall was built above it.

The museum space is 337,000 square meters and is organized by themed zones dedicated to the misery of Datong coal miners, the history of coal mining and important cultural relics. To complete the experience, the museum also includes a multimedia center and a hall devoted to mourning the victims.

A metal plate on the entryway's floor reading "1937-1945" serves as a reminder of the eight-year Anti-Japanese War and the suffering the Datong miners experienced during that period. A huge sculpture with the numbers "14,000,000" and "60,000" also makes a strong visual impact—Japanese invaders robbed 14 million tons of coal and caused the death of 60,000 miners.

The museum hosts a rich collection of old photographs and objects, but also reveals history through modern technology. Visitors come away with a vivid image of Japanese crimes during World War II in Datong.

| About China Daily | Advertise on Site | Contact Us | Job Offer |

Copyright 1995 - 2010 . All rights reserved. The content (including but not limited to text, photo, multimedia information, etc) published in this site belongs to China Daily Information Co (CDIC). Without written authorization from CDIC, such content shall not be republished or used in any form. Note: Browsers with 1024*768 or higher resolution are suggested for this site.